The history of buildings
2018

The most visited buildings and monuments in the world

There are some buildings in the world that fascinate people and attract huge numbers of visitors every year. Some of these have been created as monuments to people and events that have happened. The architecture of these buildings has often been impressive as a mark of respect the people that have created these monuments have wanted to leave something behind that is worth remembering for.

The Lincoln Memorial

The events that are remembered are often conflicts where the outcome has resulted in the independence or freedom of that particular country. In Washington DC in the United States there are a number of memorials situated on the National Mall, such the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, The Korean Veterans Memorial and the National World War II Memorial.

Alongside these memorials is the Lincoln Memorial which is a monument built to honor the 16th President Abraham Lincoln. The memorial has seen many visitors pay their respects to the man who led his country through their Civil War, abolishing slavery in the process. He made two of his most famous speeches at this site, “The Gettysburg Address” and his “Second Inaugural Address”.

One of the most famous avenues in the world is the Champs-Elysees in Paris. At the end of the avenue is the Arc de Triomphe which honors those who have fought and died for France. The huge arch is at the centre of numerous avenues that descend towards the memorial, and on national celebration days like Bastille Day Military Parade the people head towards the memorial from various directions

It is home to the tomb of the “unknown soldier” which is a symbol to all those Frenchman who have died in war but have never been identified. Next to the tomb is the eternal flame that symbolizes that these soldiers are never forgotten.

There are many buildings in France that are popular tourist destinations and none more so than the Eiffel Tower. Built in 1879 as the entrance to the World Fair, the structure, that towers 324 metres into the air, has remained to become an iconic feature of the Paris skyline. It is located on the banks of the River Seine and is the most visited paid monument in the world attracting 6.9 million visitors every year.

The Taj Mahal

Equally as famous as the Eiffel Tower is the Great Wall of China which stretches for 8,850 kilometers across the country. It was built around 206 BC by Emperor Qin Shi Huang to protect China from invading armies from the Eurasian Steppes. The wall connects fortifications and the construction is so vast that it is seen as one of the most impressive architectural feats in history. The wall is 9 meters wide and people have claimed that it can be seen from the moon, but this is highly unlikely.

Another famous Asian monument is the Taj Mahal in India. This is a mausoleum, made out of ivory-white marble, being constructed in 1632 by the Moghul emperor to house the tomb of his wife. As well as a tomb there is also a mosque and a guest house surrounded by gardens. The architecture is of the highest quality containing some of the bet Indian art, and is visited by millions of people each year. It is located near the city of Agra and attracts between 7 and 8 million visitors every year.

The most famous tombs in the world are found in Egypt in the form of the Pyramids. There are around eighty pyramids in the country and stand out on the horizon of the country. The three most famous, and best preserved, are located at Giza.

The pyramids are tombs to the ancient Kings and Queens of Egypt who have been buried in secret chambers. Often these chambers have been invaluable to historians, as when they have been unearthed many valuable artefacts have been found that have revealed a great deal about how people lived their lives so long ago. The beauty of the monuments around the world is as well as remembering great people they also display great architecture. They are some of the most beautiful buildings in the world.

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