The vaginal microbiome through the lens of systems biology

The human organism is a complex ecosystem of coexisting microbiomes, including those in the gut, skin and vagina in women. These play a crucial role in health and disease. However, there is still much to learn about them. A new article recently published online in Trends in microbiology magazine discusses the systems biology approach to … Read more

Children exposed to air pollution at a young age are more likely to develop food allergies

The modern world is highly industrialized and urbanized. An accompaniment to this lifestyle change is the rise of food allergies. A new research paper examines associations between food allergies and pre- or postnatal exposure to airborne pollutants, paving the way for future studies on the potential sensitization of the gut from skin or respiratory exposure … Read more

Discovery Points to New Understanding of Stargardt’s Disease Progression

Using a new stem cell-based model made from skin cells, scientists found the first direct evidence that Stargardt is related ABCA4 gene mutations affect a layer of cells in the eye called the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The discovery points to a new understanding of the progression of Stargardt’s disease and suggests a therapeutic strategy … Read more

Designing an ultrasound sticker that can depict your internal organs

In this interview, we speak with researchers at the Zhao lab at MIT about their new ultrasound sticker that can provide non-invasive imaging of internal organs for up to 48 hours. Can you introduce yourself and tell us what inspired your latest research? We are a team of engineers from MIT Zhao lab (http://zhao.mit.edu/) Current … Read more

Study examines stability of monkeypox viral DNA in various body fluids

In a recent study published in the Diary of Infection, researchers used diagnostic lab test data from cases of monkeypox. They performed mathematical modeling to predict how long monkeypox viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) remains detectable in different body fluid samples. Study: Persistence of monkeypox virus DNA in clinical samples. Image Credit: MIA Studio/Shutterstock Background The … Read more

Monkeypox virus infection and its persistence in the testicles of infected crab-eating macaques

In a recent study published in Nature Microbiologyresearchers performed retrospective detection of monkeypox virus (MPXV) in the testicles of non-human primates (NHPs). Study: Retrospective detection of monkeypox virus in the testicles of non-human primate survivors. Image Credit: BalazsSebok/Shutterstock Background Close sexual contact has been linked to the spread of (MPXV) in the 2022 global pandemic. … Read more

Scientists Receive $8,297 NIH Grant To Continue Funding A Lupus Research Center

A multi-institutional team of scientists, led by researchers from Weill Cornell Medicine’s Gale and Ira Drukier Institute for Children’s Health, has received an $8,297 five-year grant to continue funding a Center for Lupus Research. The grant, awarded by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases of the National Institutes of Health, will … Read more

Researchers receive $9 million grant to study how ‘jumping genes’ affect Alzheimer’s disease

Scientists have identified a handful of gene mutations that cause or contribute to Alzheimer’s disease. But many scientists suspect that other DNA changes may help cause Alzheimer’s-related damage to brain cells and lead to symptoms of confusion and memory loss in patients. In particular, the researchers want to understand how segments of DNA that hop … Read more

Study offers new insights into other melanomas not caused by the effects of UV radiation

A group of researchers in Brazil and France has managed to discover markers left behind by sunlight exposure in the genome of people suffering from skin melanoma. An article about the study published in nature communication also provides a new understanding of other melanomas that are not caused by the effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation. … Read more

Myocarditis may be due to monkeypox infection

A new study, published in Emerging infectious diseasesdiscovered that myocardial infiltration can cause myocarditis during monkeypox virus infection. Study: Myocarditis Attributable to Monkeypox Virus Infection in 2 Patients, United States, 2022. Image Credit: Lightspring/Shutterstock The article reported that two immunocompetent patients with a Monkeypox virus in the United States were hospitalized for signs of viral … Read more