Recipients of bariatric surgery may be at increased risk of epilepsy, study shows

People who have had bariatric surgery may be at an increased risk of developing epilepsy, according to a study published in the Sept. 28, 2022 online issue of Neurology┬«the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. “Bariatric surgery, which changes your digestive system, has become a more common weight loss treatment,” says study author … Read more

How the gut microbiome can influence the severity of COVID-19

As of September 27, 2022, the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is responsible for more than 6.5 million deaths worldwide. Caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), COVID-19 was remarkably unpredictable in its clinical severity. As a result, many efforts have been made to determine the factors that increase an individual’s risk of severe … Read more

Mortality prediction model for dementia patients can help make decisions about end-of-life care

A mortality prediction model for older adults with dementia can help clinicians frame discussions with patients and their families regarding end-of-life care, such as home support and nursing homes. In addition, the model can help doctors determine whether patients should continue with routine cancer screening or stop taking medications, such as insulin for people with … Read more

AI-guided tools pinpoint immune cell booster and protective genetic factor for esophageal cancer

Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is a cancer that affects the mucus-secreting glands of the lower esophagus; the tube that connects the throat to the stomach. It is the most common form of esophageal cancer and is often preceded by Barrett’s metaplasia (BE), a damaging change in cells lining the esophagus. While the cause of EAC remains … Read more

Review highlights the role of retinol-binding protein-4 in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

It is a known fact that consuming a large amount of alcohol, even for a few days, causes fat accumulation in the liver and eventually leads to alcohol-related liver disease. On the contrary, when fat builds up in the liver even without alcohol consumption, the condition is called non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD is … Read more

Study reveals how air pollution can cause lung cancer in individuals with no smoking history

Recent research by a team of scientists from The Francis Crick Institute, presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2022 Congress in Paris, reveals a link between air pollution and lung cancer in non-smokers. The research was funded by Cancer Research UK and is part of the TRACERx Lung Study, which aims to … Read more

Recent literature reports on the role of the gut microbiome on human health and its effect on disease

In a recent study published in Infectious Medicineresearchers assessed the role of the gut microbiome in human health and disease. Study: Correlation between the human gut microbiome and disease. Image credit: ART-ur/Shutterstock Background Microbiota is the set of bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms found on or in humans, and the genes that carry microbiota create … Read more

early short course of rapamycin effective in sustained anti-aging effects

Rapamycin is a licensed drug used in the treatment of cancer. It may inhibit cell growth in post-transplant patients by suppressing the immune response. Currently, there is a lot of interest in this macrolide compound due to its ability to delay aging and extend the lifespan of several animal models when given for life. Study: … Read more

Inhaling nanoparticles of silica can damage the kidneys

Amorphous silica is a common mineral used in the manufacture of products ranging from toothpaste to semiconductors. While generally considered safe, new research in rats shows that inhaling tiny amorphous silica particles called nanoparticles can damage the kidneys. The study will be published in the American Journal of Physiology – Renal Physiology. It was chosen … Read more

Tattoos can cause bloodstream infections

A recent clinical medicine review paper describes the characteristics of systemic bacterial infections associated with tattoos. These adverse effects can be avoided by maintaining strict hygiene while performing a tattoo. Study: Systemic infections associated with tattoos or permanent makeup: a systematic review. Image credit: daniel catrihual / Background The practice of tattooing has been … Read more